Hadrians Wall

Posted in Hadrians Wall on March 8th, 2013 by David Murphy

I arranged to meet Paul “Kiburnicus” at the Twice Brewed Inn near Bardon Mill, Hexham an exact time wasnt arranged just “we’ll see you there” I arrived around 12pm and Paul about 2:30 so decided on passing some time by having a drink I didnt have any cash on me so used my debit card so decided on a bacon butty too. Still no Paul so I decided on driving upto where we planned to park near a foot path which takes you along to the planned camp location. I arrived back to the pub and only waited a few mins then Paul arrived so we had a drive back up to where I’d just been had a look around and we decided on leaving the cars in the pub carpark overnight.
So off back to the pub we went for another couple and headed off on foot to Hadrians Wall about 20 mins walk we walked around the wall a bit and didnt pitch the tents till the sun went down.

Our Pitch photo taken in the morning
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The location we picked had a view of Crag Lough Sycamore Gap and Milecastle 39,

The remains of Milecastle 39, near Steel Rigg.

Milecastle 39, also known as Castle Nick, is a Roman fortification along Hadrian's Wall.

Milecastle 39 was partly excavated by archaeologists in the 19th century, and more fully in the 1980s by conservation workers. The milecastle measures 19m long by 15.5m across with stone walls standing 1.75m high. The excavations in the mid-1980s[1] revealed that barracks blocks that were initially built inside the milecastle had later been replaced by small individual buildings. The milecastle was occupied continuously until the fourth century AD.

References

  1. ^ Photographs and commentary from the dig during the mid-1980s that revealed the milecastle as it is seen today can be found at http://www.twoatlarge.com/ralph/archaeology/newarch/hadrianswall-1.html

External links

Media related to Milecastle 39 at Wikimedia Commons

Coordinates: 55°0′13.12″N 2°22′32.74″W / 55.0036444°N 2.3757611°W / 55.0036444; -2.3757611 (Milecastle 39)

A photo below of Sycamore Gap on Hadrian’s Wall was used for the scene when Robin first confronts the Sheriff’s men.

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Another of Sycamore Gaphadrians_wall1

Below is Milecastle 39 where we cooked.
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After the tents went up it was time to retire to The fort for a drink and something to eat, steak was on the menu for me and Paul had some fried Chicken in Garlic butter.

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This to date was my tastiest steak it was absolutely beautiful we had some good laughs in a great historical place something to remember thanks to Paul for the idea and coming alone with me, before leaving we made sure we left no rubbish or any signs we had been there and the fire was on a grid raise off the stone to take heat away from.

Watch my video below.

All photos used are taken by myself.
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Steak Beast Of Bodmin Moor

Posted in Bodmin Moor on February 24th, 2013 by David Murphy

Watch my video below.

Coordinates: 50°33′45″N 4°36′48″W / 50.5625°N 4.6132°W / 50.5625; -4.6132

Geological sketch showing Bodmin Moor in relation to Cornwall's granite intrusions
Rough Tor

Bodmin Moor (Cornish: Goon Brenn)[1] is a granite moorland in northeastern Cornwall, England, United Kingdom. It is 208 square kilometres (80 sq mi) in size, and dates from the Carboniferous period of geological history.

Bodmin Moor is one of five granite plutons in Cornwall that make up part of the Cornubian batholith[2] (see also Geology of Cornwall).

The name 'Bodmin Moor' is relatively recent, being an Ordnance Survey invention of 1813. It was formerly known as Fowey Moor after the River Fowey which rises within it.[3]

Geography

Dramatic granite tors rise from the rolling moorland: the best known are Brown Willy, the highest point in Cornwall at 417 m (1,368 ft),[4] and Rough Tor at 400 m (1,300 ft). To the south-east Kilmar Tor and Caradon Hill are the most prominent hills. Considerable areas of the moor are poorly drained and form marshes (in hot summers these can dry out). The rest of the moor is mostly rough pasture or overgrown with heather and other low vegetation.

The Moor contains about 500 holdings with around 10,000 beef cows, 55,000 breeding ewes and 1,000 horses and ponies.[5] Most of the moor is a Site of Special Scientific Interest (SSSI), Bodmin Moor, North,[6] and has been officially designated an Area of Outstanding Natural Beauty (AONB), as part of Cornwall AONB.[7] Almost a third of Cornwall has AONB designation, with the same status and protection as a National Park.

Rivers and inland waters

Siblyback Lake
The De Lank River at Garrow Tor

Bodmin Moor is the source of several of Cornwall's rivers: they are mentioned here anti-clockwise from the south.

The River Fowey rises at a height of 290 m (950 ft) and flows through Lostwithiel and into the Fowey estuary.[8]

The River Tiddy rises near Pensilva and flows southeast to its confluence with the River Lynher (the Lynher flows generally south-east until it joins the Hamoaze near Plymouth). The River Inny rises near Davidstow and flows southeast to its confluence with the River Tamar.

The River Camel rises on Hendraburnick Down and flows for approximately 40 km (25 mi) before joining the sea at Padstow.[9] The River Camel and its tributary the De Lank River are an important habitat for the otter and both have been proposed as Special Areas of Conservation (SAC)[10] The De Lank River rises near Roughtor and flows along an irregular course before joining the Camel south of Wenford.

The River Warleggan rises near Temple and flows south to join the Fowey.

On the southern slopes of the moor lies Dozmary Pool. It is Cornwall's only natural inland lake and is glacial in origin. In the 20th century three reservoirs have been constructed on the moor; these are Colliford Lake, Siblyback Lake and Crowdy reservoirs which supply water for a large part of the county's population. Various species of waterfowl are resident around these waters.[11]

History and antiquities

Prehistoric times

Kilmar Tor

10,000 years ago, in the Mesolithic period, hunter-gatherers wandered the moor when it was wooded and had a temperate climate. There are several documented cases of flint scatters being discovered by archaeologists, indicating that these hunter gatherers practised flint knapping in the region.[12]

During the Neolithic era, from about 4,500 to 2,300 BC, people began clearing trees and farming the land. It was also in this era that the production of various megalithic monuments began, predominantly long cairns (three of which have currently been identified, at Louden, Catshole and Bearah) and stone circles (sixteen of which have been identified). It was also likely that the naturally forming tors were also viewed in a similar manner to the manmade ceremonial sites.[13]

In the following Bronze Age, the creation of monuments increased dramatically, with the production of over 300 further cairns, and more stone circles and stone rows.[13] More than 200 Bronze Age settlements with enclosures and field patterns have been recorded.[14] and many prehistoric stone barrows and circles lie scattered across the moor. In a programme shown in 2007 Channel 4's Time Team investigated a 500 metre cairn and the site of a Bronze Age village on the slopes of Rough Tor.[15]

King Arthur's Hall thought to be a late Neolithic or early Bronze Age ceremonial site can be found to the east of St Breward on the moor.[16]

Medieval and modern times

Hawk's Tor, north of Temple

Where practicable areas of the moor were used for pasture by herdsmen from the parishes surrounding the moor. Granite boulders were also taken from the moor and used for stone posts and to a certain extent for building (such material is known as moorstone).[17] Granite quarrying only became reasonably productive when gunpowder became available.

The moor gave its name (Foweymore) to one of the medieval districts called stannaries which administered tin mining: the boundaries of these were never defined precisely. Until the establishment of a turnpike road through the moor (the present A30) in the 1770s the size of the moorland area made travel within Cornwall very difficult.

Its Cornish name, Goen Bren, is first recorded in the 12th century.[18]

Monuments and ruins

Roughtor was the site of a medieval chapel of St Michael and is now designated as a memorial to the 43rd Wessex Division of the British Army. In 1844 on Bodmin Moor the body of 18 year old Charlotte Dymond was discovered. Local labourer Matthew Weeks was accused of the murder and at noon on 12 August 1844 he was led from Bodmin Gaol and hanged. The murder site now has a monument erected from public money and the grave is at Davidstow churchyard.[19]

Legends and traditions

Dozmary Pool is identified by some people with the lake in which, according to Arthurian legend, Sir Bedivere threw Excalibur to The Lady of the Lake.[20] Another legend relating to the pool concerns Jan Tregeagle.

The Beast of Bodmin has been reported many times but never identified with certainty.

References

The Cheesewring, a granite tor on the southern edge of Bodmin Moor
A wild horse on Bodmin Moor
  1. ^ Place-names in the Standard Written Form (SWF) : List of place-names agreed by the MAGA Signage Panel. Cornish Language Partnership.
  2. ^ [1] Charoy, B. (1986) Genesis of the Cornubian Batholith (South West England): the example of the Carnmenellis Pluton in: Journal of Petrology; 1986 Oxford: OUP
  3. ^ Pounds, Norman John Greville (2000). A History of the English Parish: the culture of religion from Augustine to Victoria. Cambridge University Press. pp. 593. ISBN 978-0-521-63351-2.; p. 72
  4. ^ GENUKI: Cornwall
  5. ^ The Bodmin Moor Pages ~ The History
  6. ^ "Bodmin Moor, North". Natural England. 1991. http://www.sssi.naturalengland.org.uk/citation/citation_photo/1002227.pdf. Retrieved 26 October 2011.
  7. ^ http://www.cornwall-aonb.gov.uk/documents/12_bodmin_character.pdf
  8. ^ Cornwall Rivers Project|Geography | Fowey and Lerryn
  9. ^ Cornwall Rivers Project | Geography | Camel and Allen
  10. ^ The Rivers of Bodmin Moor - The Bodmin Moor Pages
  11. ^ Bere, Rennie (1982) The Nature of Cornwall. Buckingham: Barracuda Books, pp. 63-67
  12. ^ Tilley, C. (1996) "The Power of Rocks: landscape and topography on Bodmin Moor", in: World Archaeology; 28, p. 165
  13. ^ a b Tilley, C. (1996) "The Power of Rocks: landscape and topography on Bodmin Moor", in: World Archaeology; 28, pp. 151-176
  14. ^ channel4.com - Time Team - Bodmin Moor, Cornwall - text only
  15. ^ "Bodmin Moor, Cornwall". Channel 4: Time Team. 8 April 2007. http://www.channel4.com/history/microsites/T/timeteam/2007_bod_found.html. Retrieved 9 November 2009.
  16. ^ Secret Cornwall; Bodmin Moor and its environs
  17. ^ Clifton-Taylor, A. "Building materials" in: Pevsner, N. (1970) Cornwall. 2nd ed. Penguin Books, p. 29-34
  18. ^ Weatherhill, Craig (2009) A Concise Dictionary of Cornish Place-names. Westport, co. Mayo: Evertype; p. 6
  19. ^ The Murder of Charlotte Dymond
  20. ^ Cornish Archaeology; No 34, 1995
  • Weatherhill, Craig (1995) Cornish Place Names & Language. Wilmslow: Sigma Leisure ISBN 1-85058-462-1

External links

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Hike and Wildcamp on Yarlside Howgill Fell

Posted in Yarlside on April 17th, 2011 by David Murphy

17th April 2011 I set off on a 1hr 20 min drive to Howgill Fell this was around 2.5 miles east than my last wildcamp here at Fell Head I arrive at the Key Cross Inn at 11.20am I started hiking along a route I had pre-planned and started on the wrong path again.

After a hard slog alone the gorge of Backside Beck I started to climb up to Kensgriff you can see me on the summit (below) then a hard trek to Yarlside where I setup my wildcamp.

 

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Having a cuppa on Kensgriff below
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Yarlside Summit
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Hilleberg Akto on Yarlside Summit
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Suppa

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To finish off a nice days hiking 🙂

 

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(From left to right) Satmap images showing Kensgriff Summit then my rather messed up route over to Yarlside next the Trip Log showing the drop into the saddle from Kensgriff to Yarlside and Last the rather direct route back to my car the next day.

 

 

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