Roseberry Topping

Posted in Roseberry Topping on January 12th, 2014 by David Murphy

daveswildcaming roseberry topping

27th December myself the No. 1 Wildcamper Daveswildcamping and Julie set off on a wildcamping trip to a local hill named Roseberry Topping situated on the border between Cleveland and North Yorkshire, North East England. Before setting off we knew this was going to be a windy one, checking the forcast before leaving it was forcast gusts of around 80mph, and by god we got it and then some.

As we first started our walk we thought well is this it! “where’s the wind?” then we walked a little more into a more exposed area and then it hit us, Julie tried walking with the poles and soon discovered this wasnt helping much at all, hands and knees were a better idea after being literally blown off our feet on several occasions.

After reaching the summit of Roseberry Topping we already had an idea of where to pitch from photos I had previously seen when we planned the hike, both of us had been here before so knew what to expect.

After a glass of wine we decided to erect the tent which would be the Hilleberg Saivo, having put up the tent a few times before I still havent mastered the proceedure and hadnt even realised till I edited the footage that I put the last two poles in first. After struggling with the tent and the mud from a little puddle that has probably been present on Roseberry topping for many hundreds of years which I scooped out the water and filled it in with a few sods. Having all climbed inside the tent it didnt seem at all bad on the inside and Giz the dog agreed.

Whilst sorting out gear into the pockets I decided to move the rucksacks to the rear vestibule  and my pack caught on something which I didn’t really think this was much of problem at first until I came to fire up Daveswildcamping Kitchen. My MSR Dragonfly plunger on the pump had hooked on the underside of the bedroom and snapped clean off, so it was to be cold rice, cold Chicken tikka Masala sauce with no chicken. Luckly Julie had brough some lovely chocolates which a Mr. Kilburn had bought her for Christmas. After some more wine it was time to pull out my hip flask which was a present from Paul themuss full of a concoction he made along with a small bottle of Whisky which came in handy “not that im a drinker like”.

The wind continued all night and at times was really bad but the Saivo held up strong apart from one of the footprint straps and both side straps/tags had been torn off that hold the top vent down, one of these was whilst putting up the tent and the other during the night when a guy came out and put extra stress on the strap.

Tent is washed and repaired now for my next outing which will be next Tuesday in the Lake District…

Watch my video below.
daveswildcaming roseberry topping

Daveswildcamping on roseberry topping
daveswildcaming roseberry topping

Roseberry Topping
Roseberry topping north side.jpg
Roseberry Topping as seen from the north
Elevation 320 m (1,050 ft)
Prominence 81 m (266 ft)
Location North York Moors, England
OS grid NZ579126
Topo map OS Landranger 193

Roseberry Topping is a distinctive hill on the border between North Yorkshire and the unitary authority of Redcar and Cleveland, England. It is situated near Great Ayton and Newton under Roseberry. Its summit has a distinctive half-cone shape with a jagged cliff, which has led to many comparisons with the much higher Matterhorn in Switzerland.[1] It forms a symbolic image of the area and featured as the logo for the now defunct county of Cleveland.

At 1,049 feet (320 m), Roseberry Topping was traditionally thought to be the highest hill on the North York Moors;[2] however, the nearby Urra Moor is higher, at 1,490 feet (450 m). It offers views of Captain Cook's Monument at Easby Moor and the monument at Eston Nab.


The hill is an outlier of the North York Moors uplands. It is formed from sandstone laid down in the Middle and Lower Jurassic periods, between 208 and 165 million years ago, which constitutes the youngest sandstone to be found in any of the National Parks in England and Wales. Its distinctive conical shape is the result of the hill's hard sandstone cap protecting the underlying shales and clays from erosion by the effects of ice, wind and rain.

Until 1912, the summit resembled a sugarloaf until a geological fault and possibly nearby alum and ironstone mining caused its collapse.[1] The area immediately below the summit is still extensively pitted and scarred from the former mineworks. The summit has magnificent views across the Cleveland plain as far as the Pennines on a clear day, some 40 to 50 miles (60 to 80 km) away.


Aerial photo of Roseberry Topping
The Bronze Age Roseberry Topping hoard

The Roseberry area has been inhabited for thousands of years and the hill has long attracted attention for its distinctive shape. A Bronze Age hoard was discovered on the slopes of the hill and is now in the Sheffield City Museum. It was occupied during the Iron Age; walled enclosures and the remains of huts dating from the period are still visible in the hill's vicinity.

The hill was perhaps held in special regard by the Vikings who settled in Cleveland during the early medieval period and gave the area many of its place names. They gave Roseberry Topping its present name: first attested in 1119 as Othenesberg, its second element is accepted to derive from Old Norse bjarg ('rock'); the first element must be an Old Norse personal name, Auðunn or Óðinn, giving 'Auðunn's/Óðinn's rock'. If the latter, Roseberry Topping is one of only a handful of known pagan names in England, being named after the Norse god Odin and paralleled by the Old English name Wodnesberg, found for example in Woodnesborough.[3] The name changed successively to Othensberg, Ohenseberg, Ounsberry and Ouesberry before finally settling on Roseberry. "Topping" is a Yorkshire dialect derivation of Old English topp, 'top (of a hill)'.[4] The naming of the hill may thus fit a well-established pattern in Continental Europe of hills and mountains being named after Odin or the Germanic equivalent, Wodan. Ælfric of Eynsham, writing in the 10th century, recorded how "the heathens made him into a celebrated god and made offerings to him at crossroads and brought oblations to high hills for him. This god was honoured among all heathens and he is called ... Oðon in Danish."[5]

In 1736, the explorer James Cook's family moved to Airey Holme Farm at nearby Great Ayton. When he had time off from working on the farm with his father, young James would take himself off up Roseberry Topping, which gave him his first taste for adventure and exploration, which was to stay with him for life.

Roseberry Topping can be seen from many miles away and was long used by sailors and farmers as an indicator of impending bad weather. An old rhyme commemorates this usage:

When Roseberry Topping wears a cap, let Cleveland then beware of a clap![6]

The hill was private property for many years, formerly being part of a game estate. An old shooting box can still be seen on its southern flank. Roseberry Topping is now managed by the National Trust and is open to the public. It is just within the North York Moors National Park whose border runs along the A173 road below it.

A spur of the Cleveland Way National Trail runs up to the summit. The path has been a popular sight-seeing excursion for centuries due to the spectacular views of the Cleveland area from the summit; as early as 1700, travellers were recommended to visit the peak to see "the most delightful prospect upon the valleys below to the hills above."[7]

The site was notified as a geological Site of Special Scientific Interest in 1954, with a boundary extension in 1986 bringing the designated area to 10.86 hectares. The site is listed as being of national importance in the Geological Conservation Review.[8]

During the Napoleonic Wars, the Wensleydale volunteers responded to a false alarm when the beacon on Penhill was lit in response to a supposed lit beacon on Roseberry Topping, 40 miles distant. This turned out to be burning heather. From "wensleydale", P. 176, by Ella Pontefract, pub. 1936.

In popular culture[edit]

A reference to Roseberry Topping was featured in the folk-rock group America's "Hat Trick" from the Hat Trick album. The exact lyric stanza is:

And it's cold and it's wet
And you feel like you're part of all time

Chris Rea dedicated the song Chisel Hill from the album Shamrock Diaries to Roseberry Topping.

Gordon Giltrap released an instrumental track named 'Roseberry Topping' on his 2010 album Shining Morn.


  1. ^ a b Howard Peach, Curious Tales of Old North Yorkshire, p. 39 (Sigma Leisure, 2004)
  2. ^ See e.g. J.J. Sheahan and T. Whellan, History and Topography of the City of York; the Ainsty Wapentake; and the East Riding of Yorkshire, p. 10. 1855.
  3. ^ Victor Watts (ed.), The Cambridge Dictionary of English Place-Names Based on the Collections of the English Place-Name Society (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2004), s.v. ROSEBERRY TOPPING; Peter Godfrey Foote, Hans Bekker-Nielsen, Olaf Olsen. Proceedings of the Eighth Viking Congress: Århus 24–31 August 1977, p. 135. Odense University Press, 1981. ISBN 87-7492-339-0
  4. ^ A. H. Smith, English Place-Name Elements, 2 vols, English Place-Name Society, 25–26 (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1956), s.v. topping.
  5. ^ Ken Dowden, European Paganism: The Realities of Cult from Antiquity to the Middle Ages, p. 80. Routledge, 2000. ISBN 0-415-12034-9
  6. ^ G F Northall, English Folk Rhymes 1892, p. 91
  7. ^ Brome's Travels, vol. 8. London, 1700
  8. ^ "SSSI citation sheet for Roseberry Topping". English Nature. Retrieved 2007-02-15.